Committee on International Relations
U.S. House of Representatives
Henry J. Hyde, Chairman

CONTACT: Sam Stratman, (202) 226-7875, May 13, 2003

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Int’l Cooperation in Reducing Threat of WMD: Part II
Bereuter, Gallegly schedule joint hearing on CTR initiative

Congress established the Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program in late 1991 in response to the collapse of the Soviet Union and concerns about the security of its nuclear weapons stockpiles. Since then, the U.S. has invested more than $5 billion to secure and destroy numerous Soviet-era weapons, missiles and launchers. Today, many see the CTR program as part of a more comprehensive threat reduction and nonproliferation effort. In 2001 the Bush Administration announced an expansion of CTR efforts to include chemical and biological weapons nonproliferation, and outlined four key objectives to: 1) Dismantle weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and associated infrastructure in the former Soviet Union; 2) Consolidate and secure former Soviet Union WMD and related technology and materials; 3) Increase transparency and encourage higher standards of conduct; 4) Support defense and military cooperation with the objective of preventing proliferation. The Bush Administration explicitly views the CTR program as a part of the global war on terrorism. This shift in the rationale for U.S. assistance – from threat reduction and nonproliferation to anti-terrorism – is a natural response to the growing concerns about terrorism, and the possible link between terrorism and weapons of mass destruction. At the G-8 Summit in July 2002, the U.S., Russia and other G-8 leaders agreed to establish a long-term program - the G-8 Global Partnership Against Weapons of Mass Destruction - to stop the spread of weapons of mass destruction and related materials and technology. Under this program, known as ‘10+10 over 10', the United States and nations of the European Union have each pledged to provide $10 billion over 10 years to sustain ongoing threat reduction programs. While the ‘10+10 over 10' program will initially focus on threat reduction programs in Russia, it could eventually extend to other nations.

WHAT: Joint oversight hearing, U.S. Cooperative Threat Reduction and Nonproliferation Programs: How Far Have We Come - Where are We Heading? - Part II

Subcommittee on Europe, U.S. Rep. Doug Bereuter, Chairman; Subcommittee on International Terrorism, Nonproliferation and Human Rights, U.S. Rep. Elton Gallegly, Chairman

WHEN: 12:30 p.m., Wednesday, May 14, 2003

WHERE: 2172 Rayburn House Office Bldg.

WITNESSES: Laura S. H. Holgate, Vice President for Russia/NIS Programs, Nuclear Threat Initiative; Kenneth N. Luongo, Executive Director, Russian-American Nuclear Security Advisory Council; James Clay Moltz, Ph.D., Associate Director and Research Professor, Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies; Jon B. Wolfsthal, Associate and Deputy Director, Non-Proliferation Project, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Among the issues expected to be addressed during the hearing:

bulletAfter 12 years and more than $5 billion of U.S. investment in threat reduction in Russia, has the program been successful in achieving its original objectives?
bulletAre there alternative approaches to threat reduction initiatives not already part of CTR programs?
bulletDoes Russia see itself as a fully cooperative partner or as a client dependent on international financial contributions to finance threat reduction efforts?
bulletMuch of the focus of the program has been on reduction of nuclear threats. How much attention and urgency should we give to chemical and biological nonproliferation efforts?
bulletHow is the international commitment known as ‘10 +10 over 10' viewed in European capitals? Will European governments actually fund their share of the proposal?